On this day in 1940, Winston Churchill became British Prime Minister. He served as Prime Minister twice (1940–45 and 1951–55). He is the only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and was the first person to be made an Honorary Citizen of the United States.

In 1847, The American Medical Association was organized in Philadelphia, Pa.

In 1912, The first airplane equipped with a machine gun flew over College Park, MD.

In 1946, Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corp. was founded. The company was later renamed Sony.

In 1958, Howard Johnson set an aircraft altitude record in F-104.

In 1960, Leonid Brezhnev became president of the Soviet Union.

In 1992, A 203-year-old proposed constitutional amendment barring the U.S. Congress from giving itself a midterm pay raise was ratified as the 27th Amendment.

In 2000, Vladimir Putin was inaugurated as Russia’s president.