On this day in 1809, Mary Kies became the first woman to be granted a patent. The patent was for the rights to a technique for weaving straw with silk and thread.

In 1821, Napoleon Bonaparte died on the island of St. Helena.

In 1917, Eugene Jacques Bullard becomes the first African-American aviator when he earned his flying certificate with the French Air Service.

In 1936, Edward Ravenscroft received a patent for the screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip.

In 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space when he made a 15 minute suborbital flight.

In 2004, Pablo Picasso's "Boy with a Pipe" became the most expensive painting ever sold.