On this day in 1886, Chichester Bell and Charles S. Tainter patented the gramophone. It was the first practical phonograph.

In 1776, Rhode Island declared its freedom from England two months before the Declaration of Independence was adopted.

In 1905, Belmont Park opened in suburban Long Island. It opened as the largest race track in the world.

In 1942, The United States began food rationing.

In 1959, The first Grammy Awards were held.

In 2003, Idaho Gem was born. He was the first member of the horse family to be cloned.