On this day in 1859, The creator of "Sherlock Holmes," Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born. He was a Scottish physician and writer, most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, generally considered a milestone in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. He was a prolific writer whose other works include science fiction stories, plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction and historical novels.

In 1819, The steamship Savannah became the first to cross the Atlantic Ocean.

In 1841, Henry Kennedy received a patent for the first reclining chair.

In 1849, Abraham Lincoln received a patent for the floating dry dock.

In 1882, The U.S. formally recognized Korea.

In 1892, Dr. Sheffield, a British dentist, invented the toothpaste tube.

In 1908, The Wright brothers registered their flying machine for a U.S. patent.

In 1939, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini signed a military alliance between Germany and Italy known as the "Pact of Steel."

In 1945, Winston Churchill resigned as prime minister of England which brings an end to the coalition cabinet formed during the war.

In 1972, The island Ceylon adopted a new constitution and became the republic of Sri Lanka.

In 1977,  Janet Guthrie set the fastest time of the second weekend of qualifying, becoming the first woman to earn a starting spot in the Indianapolis 500 since its inception in 1911.

In 1990, Microsoft released Windows 3.0.

In 2003, At the Colonial in Fort Worth, TX, Annika Sorentam became the first woman to play on the PGA tour in 58 years. She ended the day at 1-over par.