On this day in 1930, Ellen Church became the first airline stewardess on a Boeing Air Transport flight between Oakland and Chicago.

In 1862, The U.S. Department of Agriculture was created by an act of Congress on this day.

In 1918, The first air mail route in the U.S. was established between New York and Washington, DC, with a stop at Philadelphia.

In 1948, Israel was attacked by Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq, one day after it declared independence.

1951 - AT&T became the first corporation to have one million stockholders.

1958 - Sputnik III, the first space laboratory, was launched in the Soviet Union.

1970 - U.S. President Nixon appointed America's first two female generals.