With United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government facing Opposition onslaught on foreign direct investment (FDI) on retail in Parliament, it is not the first time that government faced voting on its crucial decisions.
Last week the government breathe a sigh of relief when the Trinamool Congress backed no- trust motion against the government on the same FDI issue was rejected due to lack of numbers in the Lok Sabha.
The debate on FDI and consequent vote in Parliament due, the government is leaving no stone unturned to defeat the Opposition's motion against its decision to allow FDI in multi-brand retail. The vote on FDI will take place in Lok Sabha on Wednesday.
Similarly, the first UPA governmet faced its worst ever survival crisis in 2008 when Left parties led by Communist Party of India (CPI-M) withdrew its support over Indo-US civilian nuclear deal. Immediately, the Opposition got the much needed arsenal against the UPA and brought the government to its knees by bringing the no-confidence motion.
Somehow the government managed to rescue itself by securing the support of Mulayam Singh's Samajwadi Party among others. After UPA one managed to weather the no-trust vote, it was alleged that the Congress led UPA government used money and muscle power to garner the required support.
It was alleged that the Congress used Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to threaten political opponents and force them to support the beleaguered UPA at that time. It was said that Congress used CBI to threaten Mulayam Singh to reopen disproportionate assets case against him and forced him into submission.
And this way the Congress bailed out its government.
Secondly, the Women's Reservation Bill had also seen flip flips before it was passed in 2010. But the Bill is far away from becoming a law as it is yet to be passed by the Lower House (Lok Sabha). The Bill aims to reserve 33 percent of seats for women in Parliament and state assemblies.
The Bill was pushed through by the government amid the threat of withdrawal of support by its coalition partners Samajwadi Party and RJD.
Opposing the Women's Reservation Bill are three prominent leaders-Mulayam Singh Yadav, Lalu Prasad Yadav and Sharad Yadav demanding a quota within the quota of 33 per cent for women in Indian Parliament and state assemblies for dalits, backwards classes and Muslim women.
In 1996 HD Deve Gowda government for the first time introduced the bill in the Parliament as 81st Constitution Amendment Bill. Since then the Bill had been introduced and lapsed many times.
The UPA II was forced on voting for Lokpal Bill in Parliament. The government was under heavy pressure from social activist and anti-graft movement led by Anna Hazare and his colleagues. Lokpal and Lokayuktas Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha by a simple majority in December 2011.
But contrary to Lok Sabha, the government (UPA II) failed to pass its version of Lokpal Bill in Rajya Sabha fearing its defeat.
On the midnight of December 30, Rajya Sabha witnessed a high-voltage drama after the government refused voting on the Bill saying there is no time left for voting and passage of the Lokpal Bill.