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Wednesday, June 26, 2019


Poland-US Ties Tiff among Allies


A section of US senators are not happy with highhandedness in Poland
PAWEL LISICKI | Issue Dated: April 5, 2016, New Delhi
Tags : US senators | Poland | President Duda | Munich conference | German resistance |

First the facts. The US senators – two Democrats and one Republican – wrote a letter to PM Szydlo in which they expressed concern with the state of Poland’s democracy. Like the politicians of other countries, including from the EU, the US senators have drawn the conclusion that Poland’s law on the media and the changes to the Constitutional Tribunal “may limit democratic rights in Poland.” They called on Poland’s government to “confirm its adherence to fundamental principles of OSCE and EU, including respect for democracy, human rights, and the rule of law.” Having read this letter, which was signed by John McCain, Ben Cardin, and Richard Durbin, one can come to the conclusion that something very worrisome had happened on the Vistula. Therefore it’s no wonder that Beata Szydlo quickly responded to the senators. She asserted that the senators do not know what is happening in Poland, then explained that changes to laws will fix the problems with the Tribunals and “restore public media to genuine political impartiality.” She also added: “For me, foreign politicians attempting to teach Americans about their Constitution and impose their own vision of resolving internal US political disputes, would be something inappropriate and incomprehensible. I am confident you would likewise view that as unacceptable.”

There are two things to be said about the exchange of letters. The first is obvious and banal: US senators, like EU politicians before them, adopted that version of events which is propagated by the majority of Polish opposition and anti-government writers. The US senators’ text might as well have been written by any PiS [Law and Justice] opponent in Poland. They also don’t see a problem with the highly non-pluralist composition of the Tribunal and its earlier manipulation by PO [Citizens’ Platform, currently in the opposition]. In other words, they are blind in one eye. PM Szydlo is right to note that any of them would view interfering in US politics as impertinence.

First of all, they clearly failed to assess the level of Western politicians’ resistance, or could not get across to them with the right arguments. Regardless of whether the US senators are correct, they wrote a letter whose very existence cannot be good news for Poland. We have seen for weeks how important publicists are stepping up their criticism of Poland on the pages of Foreign Affairs or Foreign Policy or other publications. These are very formulaic and unoriginal texts which repeat the same accusations and convey the popular wisdom of the day. It might be that they actually believe what they write, but it is more likely that they were instructed to write what they did. But that is of little interest to me. It is worrisome that Polish diplomacy did not succeed in dealing with that challenge.

The senators’ letter makes that narrative unconvincing. Two weeks ago, when I was assessing Foreign Minister Waszczykowski’s expose, I asked, in cooperation with whom will Poland build its position, on whom does it plan to rely. On the one hand, nothing indicates the relations with Russia will change.

After the Munich conference and President Duda’s sharp criticism of Moscow, it’s difficult to expect Poland could enter into a relationship with Russia based on pragmatism in the way that Viktor Orban did. The visit to Berlin showed that Germany is not about to change its approach to the changes in Poland in the slightest. The talks were held in a cool atmosphere, and the best thing that can be said is that they were held at all. Brussels likewise remains critical.
Therefore who is supposed to be our main ally? Until recently, one might have thought it would be the Americans. Indeed, if the government was able to, in spite of German resistance, to establish permanent NATO bases or other form of permanent US military presence in Poland, it would be a great success. But is that now imaginable? Especially since the letter was signed not only by Democrats but also a Republican, none other than McCain, who is viewed as an authoritative voice.

Something is not right here. Hungary found themselves in a similar situation several years ago. Fighting for their sovereignty, realizing what the West’s solidarity really looks like, they could draw their own conclusions and launched a balanced foreign policy. They decided that improving relations with Moscow would improve their position relative to Brussels, Berlin, as well as DC. Poland does not want to draw a similar conclusion.

Views expressed by the author are personal

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Issue Dated: Feb 5, 2017